Turkey strengthen ties with Iran
Posted on December 04, 2012 by Akashma Online News
by Marivel Guzman
Ankara, Turkey Dec 5, – Head of Iranˈs Islamic Culture and Relations Organization Mohammad Baqer Khorramshad on Wednesday called for expansion of cultural cooperation with Turkey.
He made the remarks in a meeting with Turkish Ambassador to Tehran Umit Yardim.
Khorramshad highlighted the cultural affinity between Iran and Turkey and said that the common grounds in the field of culture serves as longstanding heritage for the two nations to bring them closer and bolster their friendship.
He said that ICRO is willing to work with Turkish cultural organizations to help develop multilateral ties.
He called for implementing the cultural agreement signed between Iran and Turkey last year and forming a cultural expert group to follow up the agreement.
Khorramshad and Yardim agreed to implement the articles 11, 13 and 15 of the existing cultural agreement to repair late Imam Khomeiniˈs old house in Bussan, Turkey.
He invited the head of the Turkish Language Academy to pay a visit to the Islamic Republic of Iran.
Mohammad Javad Khorramshad, who was speaking in the inauguration ceremony for Iran’s sacred defense film festival in Ankara, said he was conveying this message that there is no limitation for expansion of bilateral ties between Iran and Turkey. Referring to visits of officials from both countries in different levels, Khorramshad said that senior officials of the two countries have always underlined expansion of relations and now in the section of cinema and theater we are witnessing the process. He stressed that OCIC is ready to develop its relations in different sectors with related organizations and ministries in Turkey.
Turkey-Iran relations goes way back in the history of the two countries. Regardless of the regional conflicts they both faced, their relations had been steady with its ups and downs. When the news broke out that Turkey will be hosting the defense missiles system and missiles tracker Iran discouraged and made clear to Turkey that this could jeopardize their relations.
Turkey had asked guarantee to the US that this system should not be shared with Israel, with this Turkey is looking to apace Iran and at the same time to become an intermediary between Iran and the West.
Reza Shah took off on his only travel to a foreign country Turkey on June, 2, 1934. He was accompanied by 17 people, mostly high ranking military officers.
A brief background of Iran-Turkey Relations : Reza Shah was the first person to congratulated Ataturk after foundation of the Republic of Turkey
in 1923, sending him asword and a Quran as gift. On Apr, 22, 1926, a treaty of friendship and security was signed between the two countries. Although some incidents in the Kurdish region and foreign meddling prevented the two countries from approaching further, the leaders of these two neighboring countries tried to resolve border disputes and signed a new treaty in Ankara on Nov, 5, 1932
Reza Shah’s trip to Turkey marked the beginning of a new era in Iran-Turkey relationship. After short stops in Tabriz, Khoy and Maku, the Iranian mission entered Turkey on June, 11. They were accompanied by Turkish authorities through Kars, Erzurum, Trabzon, Samsun and arrived in Ankara on June, 16, 1934. They stayed in Turkey for 38 days and visited military, historical and other installations before returning to Tehran On July, 11.
Among other things, Reza Shah was very much impressed by modernization in Turkey and believed that Iran lacked participation of women in the society in order to develop. He founded many modern educational and public institutions and passed regulations that practically banned veil and changed the way Iranians were to dress on Dec, 23, 1935.
Turkey Iran relation
On April 22, 1926 the First “Treaty of Friendship” between Iran and Turkey was signed in Tehran.
On January 23, 1932 the first definitive frontier treaty between Turkey and Iran was signed in Tehran. It should be mentioned that the border between Turkey and Iran is one of the oldest in the world and has stayed more or less the same since the Battle of Chaldiran in 1514.
On July 8, 1937 a Treaty of Non-aggression was signed between Turkey, Iran, Iraq and Afghanistan. This treaty would become known as the Treaty of Saadabad. The purpose of this agreement was to ensure security and peace in the Middle East.
In August 1955 CENTO (Central Treaty Organization), a mutual security-pact between Iran, Turkey, Iraq, Pakistan and Britain was established.
In July 1964 the RCD (Regional Cooperation for Development), aimed at joint economic projects between Turkey, Iran and Pakistan was established.
A period of coldness passed after the 1979 Iranian Revolution which caused major changes in Iran and the Middle Eastern status quo. Today Iran and Turkey cooperate in a wide variety of fields that range from fighting terrorism, drug trafficking, and promoting stability in Iraq and Central Asia.